Groin Pain Glossary

Groin is the area where the hip joins the upper leg. The groin pain refers to the discomfort or feeling of pain where the abdomen ends and the legs begins. Many people have the wrong notion that groin pain means only pain in testicles in scrotum. Different factors are responsible for groin pain in men. Let us have a look at the groin pain glossary to understand the causes of the pain better.

Common causes of groin pain in men include:
Enlarged lymph glands: Enlarged lymph glands refer to the enlargement of one or more lymph nodes in the groin area. The enlargement of lymph glands also depends on different factors. One of the common causes of Lymphadenitis is the infection of the lymph nodes. This is usually caused by bacterial infections.

Epididymitis: The swelling or inflammation of the epididymis is called Epididymitis. Epididymis is the tube that connects the testicle with the vas deferens. This is a very common cause of groin pain in young man and this has also been found to be a common happening in military personnels. It occurs due to an infection from urethra or bladder. Diseases like gonorrhea, Chlamydia and others are responsible for the infection and epididymitis. In older men and children E. coli bateria and mycobacterium tuberculosis can also cause epididymitis. Homosexual men also face such problems like epididymis in men.

Hernia: This is protrusion of structure, tissue, or a part of an organ through the muscle tissue or membrane. This is also protrusion of abdominal contents through weak spot in the connective tissue of the inguinal canal in the groin.

Kidney stone: This is a solid mass made up of tiny crystals in the kidney is called kidney stone. One or more stones in the urethra or kidney can cause groin pain. Kidney stone generally occurs when urine of a person contains too much of substances and dehydration too is responsible for stones.

Leydig cell tumor (Testicular Tumor): The tumor of testicle is called leydig cell tumor and it develops from leydig cells. These cells are responsible for release of testosterone hormone. The causes of this tumor are unknown. They are often found in men between ages 20-60. This tumor does not occur in children before puberty but after puberty it may occur.

Orchitis: It is the inflammation or swelling of testicles. Orchitis is swelling of either one or both the testicles. It is caused due to any infection by bacteria or viruses. This may be a result in epididymitis. The common viruses that cause orchitis is mumps. The orichitis occurs after 4-6 days of infection. STD is also responsible for Orchitis.

Testicular torsion: This is another important groin pain glossary that is important for you to learn. It is the twisting of the spermatic cord that cuts off blood supply to the testicle or surrounding structure like scrotum. This occurs due to inadequate connective tissue in the scrotum area. Trauma to the scrotum can also be responsible for such happening.

The other responsible factors for groin pain besides the above mentioned glossary are – superficial skin infection, inflammation, muscle pull or others.